Williams Williams Reports Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2018 Financial Results

  • Feb 13, 2019
  • Williams

TULSA, Okla.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Williams (NYSE: WMB) today announced its financial results for the three and 12 months ended Dec. 31, 2018.

Highlights

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Williams Available to Common Stockholders of ($572) Million for 4Q 2018 and ($156) Million for Full-Year 2018 (impacted by certain asset impairments and gains as described in this press release)

Net Income (Loss) Per Share of ($0.47) for 4Q 2018 and ($0.16) for Full-Year 2018

4Q 2018 Cash Flow From Operations of $962 Million; Up $104 Million over 4Q 2017

4Q 2018 Adjusted Income Per Share of $0.19; Full-Year 2018 Adjusted Income Per Share of $0.79

4Q 2018 Adjusted EBITDA of $1.197 Billion; Up $37 Million over 4Q 2017

Full-Year 2018 Adjusted EBITDA of $4.638 Billion; Up $107 Million over Full-Year 2017

4Q 2018 DCF of $748 Million; Coverage Ratio is 1.82; Full-Year 2018 DCF of $2.872 Billion; Coverage Ratio is 1.69

Consolidated Net Debt/ 2018 Adjusted EBITDA Leverage Ratio of 4.80x; Well Ahead of the Guided ~5x Ratio

Placed Atlantic Sunrise Project into Full Service on Oct. 6, 2018; Placed Gulf Connector into Full Service on Jan. 4, 2019

4Q 2018 Northeast G&P EBITDA (both Modified and Adjusted) Up Approximately 30% and NE Gathering Volumes Up 13% over 4Q 2017

Completed Asset Sales Totaling $1.3 Billion during 4Q 2018

CEO Perspective

Alan Armstrong, president and chief executive officer, made the following comments:

"Once again in 2018, our consistent natural gas-focused strategy delivered as expected with solid and predictable growth. In fact, our 2018 Adjusted EBITDA was a new record even in the face of asset sales totaling $4.6 billion over the past two and a half years that dramatically reduced commodity exposure and improved leverage metrics for WMB. Thanks to strong execution by our teams, we again delivered at the top end of the range for nearly all of our key guidance metrics for the year. Bringing the Atlantic Sunrise project online and dramatically increasing gathering volumes in our Northeast G&P segment were just a couple of the many achievements during the year.

"The quality and predictability of our cash flows, even in times of commodity swings, combined with the accelerating demand for natural gas, point to continued growth for us in 2019 as we enjoyed strong execution on all of our major projects in 2018 and the beginning of 2019."

Armstrong added, "With the expected 15 percent compounded annual growth rate for gathered volumes in our Northeast G&P segment expected through 2021, Transco's continued string of expansion projects, our recently announced Bluestem Pipeline project, our joint venture in the Permian with Brazos Midstream, the growing Rocky Mountain Midstream in the DJ Basin and a growing list of deepwater discoveries, it's easy to see why Williams is poised for additional growth in 2019 and beyond. And, Williams is well-positioned for sustained growth as we continue to capitalize on significant opportunities to connect low-cost natural gas supplies to premier demand markets.

"The combined impact of strong business performance, capital discipline and our ongoing portfolio optimization efforts continues to improve our credit metrics. We finished 2018 with overall leverage of 4.80x, and we are very focused on further improvement in 2019.”

         

Williams Summary Financial Information 4Q Full Year

Amounts in millions, except per-share amounts. Per share amounts are reported on a diluted basis. Net income (loss) amounts are attributable to The Williams Companies, Inc. available to common stockholders. 2018     2017 2018     2017

       

GAAP Measures

Cash Flow from Operations $ 962 $ 858 $ 3,293 $ 3,089

Net income (loss) ($572 ) $ 1,687 ($156 ) $ 2,174

Net income (loss) per share ($0.47 ) $ 2.03 ($0.16 ) $ 2.62

Non-GAAP Measures (1)

Adjusted income $ 230 $ 170 $ 775 $ 521

Adjusted income per share $ 0.19 $ 0.20 $ 0.79 $ 0.63

Adjusted EBITDA $ 1,197 $ 1,160 $ 4,638 $ 4,531

Distributable Cash Flow $ 748 $ 629 $ 2,872 $ 2,580

Coverage Ratio 1.82 1.57 1.69 1.61

(1) Schedules reconciling adjusted income from continuing operations, adjusted EBITDA, Distributable Cash Flow and Coverage Ratio (non-GAAP measures) to the most comparable GAAP measure are available at www.williams.com and as an attachment to this news release.

Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2018 Financial Results

Williams reported unaudited fourth-quarter 2018 net income (loss) attributable to Williams available to common stockholders of ($572) million, a decrease of $2.259 billion from fourth-quarter 2017. The unfavorable change was driven primarily by a $1.849 billion impairment of certain gathering assets in the Barnett Shale, partially offset by gains totaling $833 million from the sale of the Four Corners Area ("FCA") business, the sale of certain gulf coast pipeline systems, and from the deconsolidation of certain former Permian Basin assets as part of the formation of a new joint venture with Brazos Midstream. Although our financial expectations for the Barnett assets have not materially changed over the next several years, the impairment was the result of reductions to our long-term estimate of revenues. Revenue estimates were lowered due to the forward curve for gas prices in this basin that have been impacted by the widening Permian basis differential. This resulted in moving the asset from its historical carrying value down to a current fair value. The impairment will reduce the book value for the assets and reduce future depreciation, but it does not impact guidance for our key financial metrics. Results also reflect the absence of a favorable fourth-quarter 2017 net impact of $1.147 billion, related to the tax provision benefit due to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 ("Tax Reform Act") partially offset by regulatory charges associated with the Tax Reform Act. The quarter benefited from a $111 million increase in service revenues in the Atlantic-Gulf segment driven by Transco expansion projects brought online in 2017 and 2018 and a $45 million improvement in service revenues in the Northeast G&P segment driven by higher gathering volumes compared to fourth-quarter 2017. Partially offsetting the improvements were a $39 million decrease in commodity margins due in part to the absence of results from the company's former FCA business sold on Oct. 1, 2018, and a decline in service revenues in the West segment driven by the sale of our FCA business, deconsolidation of our Jackalope interest as of June 2018, as well as the timing of recognizing minimum volume commitments (MVCs).

For the year, Williams reported unaudited net income (loss) attributable to Williams available to common stockholders of ($156) million, a decrease of $2.330 billion versus full-year 2017. The unfavorable change was driven primarily by the previously described absence of the favorable fourth-quarter 2017 net benefit associated with the Tax Reform Act, $667 million of higher impairments of assets primarily reflecting the Barnett impairment in 2018 exceeding the impairment of certain gathering assets in the Mid-Continent region in 2017, $466 million of lower gains on the sale of assets and lower investing income where the gains from the sale of the Geismar olefins facility and the transaction involving certain interests in the Delaware Basin and Marcellus Shale in 2017 exceeded the gains on the sale of the FCA business, the sale of certain gulf coast pipeline systems, and from the deconsolidation of both our Jackalope interest and certain former Permian Basin assets in 2018. Results benefited from a $270 million increase in service revenues in the Atlantic-Gulf segment driven by Transco expansion projects brought online in 2017 and 2018 and a $104 million improvement in service revenues in the Northeast G&P segment driven by higher gathering volumes. Partially offsetting the improvements were $79 million lower commodity margins due primarily to the absence of results from our former Geismar olefins facility sold in July 2017, and a decline in service revenues in the West segment driven by the sale of our FCA business, deconsolidation of our Jackalope interest as of June 2018, and unfavorable changes in the recognition of deferred revenue driven by the adoption of a new accounting standard in 2018.

Cash Flow From Operations

Cash flow from operations (CFFO) for fourth-quarter 2018 was $962 million, an increase of $104 million over fourth-quarter 2017. Year-to-date, Williams’ CFFO totaled $3.293 billion compared with $3.089 billion for the prior year. The improvements compared to the prior year periods were driven by increased operating income (excluding impairments, gains and regulatory charges), due primarily to an increase in service revenues associated with Transco expansion projects placed in service in 2017 and 2018. The full-year improvement was partially offset by a decline in distributions from unconsolidated affiliates, primarily from deepwater Discovery Producer Services.

Adjusted Results

Williams reported fourth-quarter 2018 Adjusted income of $230 million, a $60 million increase over fourth-quarter 2017. For the year, Williams reported Adjusted income of $775 million, a $254 million improvement over 2017. Both the quarterly and full-year measures reflect the previously described changes in service revenues, partially offset by commodity margin declines. Changes in service revenues for the fourth-quarter and full-year periods were unfavorably impacted by $35 million and $100 million, respectively, reflecting the adoption of new revenue recognition standards in 2018. The improvements in both periods also reflect the benefit of less income allocated to noncontrolling interests following the completion of the WPZ Merger in third-quarter 2018. The full-year change was also impacted by lower equity earnings from Discovery attributable to Hadrian South production ending in fourth-quarter 2017. Adjusted income per share was $0.19. Although fourth-quarter 2018 adjusted income was $60 million higher than fourth-quarter 2017, the per share amount was slightly unfavorable by one cent due primarily to higher shares outstanding following completion of the WPZ merger. For the year, Adjusted income per share was $0.79, a 25 percent improvement over the full-year 2017 result of $0.63.

Williams reported fourth-quarter 2018 Adjusted EBITDA of $1.197 billion, a $37 million increase from fourth-quarter 2017. The improvement for fourth-quarter 2018 over fourth-quarter 2017 was driven primarily by the previously described increases in service revenues in the Atlantic-Gulf and Northeast G&P segments and a $23 million increase in proportional EBITDA of joint ventures due primarily to an increase in volumes in various Northeast G&P gathering systems. Partially offsetting the improvement were $39 million lower commodity margins primarily in the West segment. The year-over-year comparison was unfavorably impacted by $35 million from the adoption of new revenue recognition standards in 2018 and the absence of $27 million of Adjusted EBITDA from the company's former FCA business, sold Oct. 1, 2018.

For the year, Williams reported Adjusted EBITDA of $4.638 billion, an increase of $107 million over full-year 2017 results. The favorable change was driven by the previously described increases in Atlantic-Gulf and Northeast G&P segments. Partially offsetting the improvements was a $35 million decrease in proportional EBITDA from joint ventures driven by less production on the deepwater Discovery System attributable to Hadrian South production ending in fourth-quarter 2017. The year-over-year comparison was also unfavorably impacted by $100 million from the adoption of new revenue recognition standards in 2018, the absence of EBITDA earned by the former Geismar olefins plant of $72 million and the absence of fourth-quarter 2018 EBITDA earned by the company's former FCA business of $27 million.

Distributable Cash Flow

For fourth-quarter 2018, Williams generated $748 million in distributable cash flow (DCF) compared with $629 million in DCF for fourth-quarter 2017. DCF was favorably impacted by the company's improvement in Adjusted EBITDA and lower maintenance capital spending, partially offset by higher net interest expense. Beginning with first-quarter 2018 results, Williams has discontinued the adjustment which removed the DCF associated with 2016 contract restructuring prepayments in the Barnett Shale and Mid-Continent region. For fourth-quarter 2018, the coverage ratio is 1.82.

For the year, Williams generated $2.872 billion in DCF, a $292 million increase versus full-year 2017. DCF was favorably impacted by the company's improvement in Adjusted EBITDA and eliminating the adjustment in 2018 involving the removal of DCF associated with 2016 contract restructuring prepayments in the Barnett Shale and Mid-Continent region, partially offset by increased maintenance capital spending and higher net interest expense. For full-year 2018, the coverage ratio is 1.69.

Business Segment Results

Williams' operations following the Aug. 10, 2018, completion of Williams' acquisition of Williams Partners are comprised of the following reportable segments: Atlantic-Gulf, West, Northeast G&P and Other.

The below table reflects Modified and Adjusted EBITDA results for fourth-quarter 2018 and full-year 2018, with comparisons to the previous year for each of the segments.

     

Williams       Modified and Adjusted EBITDA

Amounts in millions 4Q 2018     4Q 2017     Full-Year 2018     Full-Year 2017

Modified

EBITDA

    Adjust.     Adjusted

EBITDA     Modified

EBITDA

    Adjust.     Adjusted

EBITDA

    Modified

EBITDA

    Adjust.     Adjusted

EBITDA

    Modified

EBITDA

    Adjust.     Adjusted

EBITDA

Atlantic-Gulf   605         (76 )       529   (96 )       529       433   2,023         (92 )       1,931   1,238       541         1,779

West   (906 )       1,264         358   286         195       481   308         1,269         1,577   412       1,256         1,668

Northeast G&P   300         4         304   231         7       238   1,086         4         1,090   819       140         959

Other*   20         (14 )       6   (103 )       111       8   (29 )       69         40   997       (872 )       125

Totals $ 19       $ 1,178       $ 1,197 $ 318       $ 842     $ 1,160 $ 3,388       $ 1,250       $ 4,638 $ 3,466     $ 1,065       $ 4,531

                               

Note: Williams uses Modified EBITDA for its segment reporting. Definitions of Modified EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA and schedules reconciling to net income are included in this news release.

*In 2017, Other Modified EBITDA included a $1.095 billion gain on sale of the Company's former Geismar olefins plant, which was sold July 6, 2017.

Atlantic-Gulf

This segment includes Williams' interstate natural gas pipeline, Transco, and significant natural gas gathering and processing and crude oil production handling and transportation assets in the Gulf Coast region, including a 51 percent interest in Gulfstar One (a consolidated entity), which is a proprietary floating production system, and the Bayou Ethane feedstock pipeline, as well as a 50 percent equity-method investment in Gulfstream, a 41 percent interest in Constitution (a consolidated entity) which is developing a pipeline project, and a 60 percent equity-method investment in Discovery.

The Atlantic-Gulf segment reported Modified EBITDA of $605 million for fourth-quarter 2018, compared with ($96) million for fourth-quarter 2017. Adjusted EBITDA increased by $96 million to $529 million for the same time period. Modified EBITDA results benefited from the absence of $493 million of non-cash regulatory charges at Transco in fourth-quarter 2017 associated with the Tax Reform Act and an $81 million gain on the sale of certain gulf coast pipeline systems in fourth-quarter 2018, which do not impact Adjusted EBITDA. The improvement in both measures reflects $111 million increased service revenues driven primarily by Transco expansion projects placed into service in 2017 and 2018.

For the year, the Atlantic-Gulf segment reported Modified EBITDA of $2.023 billion, an increase of $785 million over full-year 2017 results. Adjusted EBITDA increased $152 million to $1.931 billion. Modified EBITDA results benefited from the absence of the non-cash regulatory charges associated with the Tax Reform Act and an $81 million gain on the sale of certain gulf coast pipeline systems, which do not impact Adjusted EBITDA. The improvement in both measures reflects $270 million increased service revenues driven primarily by Transco expansion projects placed into service in 2017 and 2018. Partially offsetting the improvement was a $90 million decrease in proportional EBITDA from joint ventures due primarily to less production on the deepwater Discovery system attributable to Hadrian South production ending in fourth-quarter 2017.

West

This segment includes Williams' interstate natural gas pipeline, Northwest Pipeline, and natural gas gathering, processing, and treating operations in Colorado, and Wyoming, as well as the Barnett Shale region of north-central Texas, the Eagle Ford Shale region of south Texas, the Haynesville Shale region of northwest Louisiana, and the Mid-Continent region which includes the Anadarko, Arkoma, Delaware and Permian basins. This reporting segment also includes an NGL and natural gas marketing business, storage facilities, and an undivided 50 percent interest in an NGL fractionator near Conway, Kansas, a 50 percent equity-method investment in OPPL, a 50 percent interest in Jackalope Gas Gathering Services, L.L.C. (Jackalope) (an equity-method investment following deconsolidation as of June 30, 2018), a 50 percent equity-method investment in Rocky Mountain Midstream (RMM) and a 15 percent equity-method investment in Brazos Permian II, LLC. Through third-quarter 2018, this segment also included natural gas gathering, processing, and treating operations in New Mexico and in Ignacio, Colorado, that were part of the company's FCA business, which was sold on Oct. 1, 2018.

The West segment reported Modified EBITDA of ($906) million for fourth-quarter 2018, compared with $286 million for fourth-quarter 2017. Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $123 million to $358 million. The unfavorable change in Modified EBITDA was driven primarily by a $1.849 billion impairment of certain gathering assets in the Barnett Shale, partially offset by a $591 million gain on the sale of the FCA business and the absence of $220 million of non-cash regulatory charges at Northwest Pipeline in fourth-quarter 2017 associated with the Tax Reform Act. Modified EBITDA was also unfavorably impacted by the timing of recognizing MVCs, which were recognized earlier throughout 2018 with the adoption of a new accounting standard. These items are not included in Adjusted EBITDA. The unfavorable change in both measures reflects a decrease in service revenues due primarily to the absence of the former FCA business, the deconsolidation of the company's interests in the Jackalope system, and lower volumes. Commodity margins also decreased $43 million due in part to the sale of the company's former FCA business and by lower NGL sale prices and volumes. Partially offsetting these decreases was a $14 million increase in proportional EBITDA from joint ventures due primarily to contributions from Jackalope and higher RMM and Overland Pass Pipeline volumes. The change in service revenues was unfavorably impacted by $35 million reflecting the adoption of new revenue-recognition standards in 2018.

For the year, the West segment reported Modified EBITDA of $308 million, a decrease of $104 million from full-year 2017 results. Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $91 million to $1.577 billion. The unfavorable change in Modified EBITDA was driven primarily by a $1.849 billion impairment of certain gathering assets in the Barnett Shale, partially offset by the absence of a $1.019 billion impairment of certain gathering assets in the Mid-Continent region and the absence of $220 million of non-cash regulatory charges at Northwest Pipeline, both in 2017, as well as the $591 million gain on the sale of the FCA business. These items are not included in Adjusted EBITDA. The unfavorable change in both measures was driven by a decrease in service revenues due primarily to the absence of results from the company's former FCA business, lower Northwest Pipeline rates and the deconsolidation of the company's interests in the Jackalope system. The change in service revenues was unfavorably impacted by $100 million reflecting the adoption of new revenue-recognition standards in 2018. Results also reflect $24 million of regulatory charges associated with Northwest Pipeline's approved rates related to the Tax Reform Act. Partially offsetting these decreases were $34 million increased commodity margins and lower operating and administrative costs.

Northeast G&P

This segment includes natural gas gathering and processing, compression and NGL fractionation businesses in the Marcellus Shale region primarily in Pennsylvania, New York, and West Virginia and Utica Shale region of eastern Ohio, as well as a 66 percent interest in Cardinal (a consolidated entity), a 62 percent equity-method investment in UEOM, a 69 percent equity-method investment in Laurel Mountain, a 58 percent equity-method investment in Caiman II, and Appalachia Midstream Services, LLC, which owns an approximate average 66 percent equity-method investment in multiple gas gathering systems in the Marcellus Shale. Williams' natural gas gathering position is the largest in the entire Northeast region.

The Northeast G&P segment reported Modified EBITDA of $300 million for fourth-quarter 2018, compared with $231 million for fourth-quarter 2017. Adjusted EBITDA increased by $66 million to $304 million. The improvement in both measures was driven primarily by $45 million increased service revenues due to higher volumes at the Susquehanna, Ohio River and Utica systems and a $21 million increase in proportional EBITDA of joint ventures due primarily to higher volumes in Marcellus South and Blue Racer.

For the year, the Northeast G&P segment reported Modified EBITDA of $1.086 billion, an increase of $267 million over full-year 2017 results. Adjusted EBITDA increased by $131 million to $1.090 billion. Modified EBITDA results reflect the absence of a $121 million impairment of certain operations in 2017, which does not impact Adjusted EBITDA. Both measures benefited from $104 million increased service revenues due to higher volumes at the Susquehanna, Ohio River and Utica systems and a $40 million increase in proportional EBITDA of joint ventures due primarily to increased ownership in the Bradford gas gathering system and increased volumes in Marcellus South. Partially offsetting the improvements was an increase in operating and administrative costs.

Other Segment

Following Williams' completed acquisition of Williams Partners on Aug. 10, 2018, this segment now also includes the historical results of our former petchem services business.

The Other segment reported fourth-quarter 2018 Modified EBITDA of $20 million, an increase of $123 million from fourth-quarter 2017. Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $2 million to $6 million. The improvement in Modified EBITDA reflects the absence of certain 2017 charges associated with the Tax Reform Act, lower pension settlement charges, and a 2018 gain on the sale of certain gulf coast pipeline systems, all of which are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA.

For the year, Williams' Other segment reported Modified EBITDA of ($29) million, a decrease of $1.026 billion over the same 12-month reporting period in 2017. Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $85 million to $40 million. In addition to the items previously described, the unfavorable change in Modified EBITDA was driven primarily by the absence of a $1.095 billion gain on the sale of the company's former Geismar olefins plant in 2017, and costs related to the WPZ Merger, partially offset by lower net asset impairments. All of these impacts are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA. Both measures reflect the absence of results from the former Geismar olefins plant.

Today's Joint Announcement from Williams and Targa Resources

Earlier today, Williams and Targa Resources Corp. (NYSE: TRGP) (“Targa”) announced new natural gas liquids (“NGL”) agreements and NGL pipeline projects that will link the Conway, Kansas, and Mont Belvieu, Texas, NGL markets. Williams will build a 188-mile NGL pipeline, called the “Bluestem Pipeline,” from its fractionator in Conway, Kansas, and the southern terminus of Overland Pass Pipeline to an interconnect with Targa’s Grand Prix NGL Pipeline (“Grand Prix”) in Kingfisher County, Oklahoma. Targa will construct a 110-mile extension of Grand Prix from southern Oklahoma into the Sooner Trend (oil field), Anadarko (basin), Canadian and Kingfisher (counties) (“STACK”) region of Central Oklahoma where it will connect with Williams’ new Bluestem Pipeline. To learn more about this announcement, please see today's joint news release from Williams and Targa.

Recent Accomplishments

Williams' Transco Pipeline recently delivered a record amount of natural gas on its Transco interstate gas pipeline. The nation's largest-volume natural gas transmission system, Transco delivered a record-breaking 15.68 million dekatherms (MMdt) on Jan. 21, 2019. The new peak-day mark surpasses the previous high that was set on Jan. 5, 2018. The Transco system, which stretches from South Texas to New York City, also established a new three-day market area delivery record, averaging 15.30 MMdt from Jan. 30 to Feb. 1, 2019. The natural gas delivery records were made possible thanks to additional firm transportation capacity created by multiple fully-contracted Transco expansions completed in 2018 and early 2019 (Gulf Connector, Atlantic Sunrise, and Garden State Phase II). Together, these expansions added more than 2.3 MMdt of firm transportation capacity to the existing pipeline system.

2019 Guidance

Current guidance for 2019, originally announced at Analyst Day on May 17, 2018, remains unchanged with the exception of Growth Capital Expenditures. Growth capital expenditure guidance has increased from prior guidance of $2.6 billion to a range of $2.7 billion to $2.9 billion primarily due to timing shifts from 2018 to 2019.

Williams' Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2018 Materials to be Posted Shortly; Q&A Webcast Scheduled for Tomorrow

Williams' fourth-quarter and full-year 2018 financial results package will be posted shortly at www.williams.com . The materials will include the analyst package. The Company’s fourth-quarter and full-year 2018 earnings conference call and webcast with analysts and investors is scheduled for Thursday, Feb. 14, 2019, at 9:30 a.m. Eastern Time (8:30 a.m. Central Time). A limited number of phone lines will be available at (800) 239-9838. International callers should dial (323) 794-2551. The conference ID is 3043497. A webcast link to the conference call is available at www.williams.com . A replay of the webcast will be available on the website for at least 90 days following the event.

Form 10-K

The company plans to file its 2018 Form 10-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) next week. Once filed, the document will be available on both the SEC and Williams websites.

Non-GAAP Measures

This news release and accompanying materials may include certain financial measures – Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted income (“earnings”), adjusted earnings per share, distributable cash flow and dividend coverage ratio – that are non-GAAP financial measures as defined under the rules of the SEC.

Our segment performance measure, Modified EBITDA, is defined as net income (loss) before income (loss) from discontinued operations, income tax expense, net interest expense, equity earnings from equity-method investments, other net investing income, impairments of equity investments and goodwill, depreciation and amortization expense, and accretion expense associated with asset retirement obligations for nonregulated operations. We also add our proportional ownership share (based on ownership interest) of Modified EBITDA of equity-method investments.

Adjusted EBITDA further excludes items of income or loss that we characterize as unrepresentative of our ongoing operations. Management believes this measure provides investors meaningful insight into results from ongoing operations.

Distributable cash flow is defined as Adjusted EBITDA less maintenance capital expenditures, cash portion of net interest expense, income attributable to noncontrolling interests and cash income taxes, and certain other adjustments that management believes affects the comparability of results. Adjustments for maintenance capital expenditures and cash portion of interest expense include our proportionate share of these items of our equity-method investments. We also calculate the ratio of distributable cash flow to the total cash dividends paid (dividend coverage ratio). This measure reflects Williams’ distributable cash flow relative to its actual cash dividends paid.

This news release is accompanied by a reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their nearest GAAP financial measures. Management uses these financial measures because they are accepted financial indicators used by investors to compare company performance. In addition, management believes that these measures provide investors an enhanced perspective of the operating performance of assets and the cash that the business is generating.

Neither Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted income, nor distributable cash flow are intended to represent cash flows for the period, nor are they presented as an alternative to net income or cash flow from operations. They should not be considered in isolation or as substitutes for a measure of performance prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles.